It is not an uncommon problem if your dog won’t eat his food but will eat treats. In fact, this kind of eating has a name. It is called partial anorexia. Full anorexia is when your dog won’t eat anything.
Partial anorexia is when your furry friend will eat but only special food that has either been ‘doctored’ by adding table scraps or special treats. He doesn’t, however, eat his regular dog food, whether that’s kibble or canned food.
This usually isn’t due to him just being a picky eater; rather, it’s usually due to medical conditions of some kind. Of course, when this happens, loving pet parents experience extreme anxiety because they want their beloved pooch to start eating like he should.
So what exactly causes partial anorexia? Let’s take a look at the common reasons your best friend is turning his nose up at his regular food.
Why Doesn’t Your Dog Eat His Regular Food?
There are a variety of reasons that your pooch may only eat dog treats as opposed to dog food. Even if you give him wet food, he may still prefer just the treats. Why is that? Let’s take a look at several possibilities.
6 Psychological Reasons for Partial or Full Anorexia
A healthy dog will eat his normal food at mealtime. But the reason your pooch may not be eating might not be a physical problem. It could be something psychological. In this case, he may be going on a hunger strike because something has upset his normal environment or routine. Here are several possibilities:
1. Separation anxiety
This is a common reason why some dogs refuse to eat. Just like with humans, a dog’s appetite can be put off by stress, and few things are as stressful for your pooch as when you disappear. It might not even be you who disappears. It could be your child who goes off to college. To your dog, it’s like a member of the pack has been lost. That can definitely put him off his feed if for no other reason than it gives him an upset stomach.
2. Guests are visiting
If the cause behind your dog’s changes in eating habits isn’t because someone has left the house, it might be because someone has come to the house. When a dog’s environment is changed by people coming or going, it causes stress, and once again, that can put him off his feed.
3. A new pet in the house
Another big reason why a dog might stop eating except for treats is if there is a new pet in the house. This is particularly true if your dog is a senior dog. A new pet in the house is cause for a restructuring of the pack, and that can be a very stressful situation. The same thing can happen if there’s a new baby in the house. Your pooch is used to his pet parents doting on him, and maybe only him, but when a new baby or another pet arrives in the house, the established relationship dynamics are disrupted. That causes stress and can result in partial or full anorexia.
4. New food
If you have recently switched to a new food, your dog may be indicating his displeasure with your choice. It might just take him a while to get used to it, but it could also be that he preferred the old food, and he’s letting you know.
5. Moving or home renovation
Changes in your dog’s environment, such as moving to a new home or remodeling your current home, are other reasons for a hunger strike. Again, stress is the culprit here, and it may just take some time and extra attention to get your dog back o his normal diet.
6. Stressors like thunderstorms
Another thing that can put your dog off his feed is some kind of stressor. It may be something temporary, like a thunderstorm, or something that lasts longer, like a family member getting a job and leaving the house more or losing a job and being around the house more. Once again, these are stressors that can affect your dog’s eating habits.
There may be other psychological reasons behind your dog’s refusal to heat his pet food, and depending on the source of the stress, there are different solutions that can help. But before we discuss that, let’s take a look at some of the health problems that could cause anorexia.
Medical Issues for Anorexia in Dogs
There are several medical conditions that can cause partial or full anorexia in dogs. Think of the digestive system as a being made up of interconnected parts. When something goes wrong in one area, it affects the other areas as well. Let’s start at the top.
Dental disease is a common reason why a dog would refuse to eat. Pain with chewing, particularly if you normally feed your dog hard dry dog food, dry kibble, or tough chews, can cause dental problems. It’s easy to think of dental issues as not being that big of a deal, but in fact, it’s a very big deal.
Dental disease can spread bacteria to other parts of the body, including the heart and kidneys, where it can become a life-threatening condition. That’s why it’s vital to take care of your dog’s teeth.
If you think a dental problem could be behind your dog’s refusal to eat his regular food, you’ll want to get him into his DVM as soon as you can to have the problem addressed. While you’re waiting for his appointment, you can dry feeding him wet dog food so he can stay as healthy as possible until you can get the problem resolved.
The gastrointestinal system, or GI tract, begins in the mouth and includes everything between the mouth and the anus. That includes his esophagus (the tube that food passes through to reach his stomach), his small intestine, and his large intestine, which terminates in the anus.
We’ve already discussed dental issues that could cause anorexia, but a bacterial or viral infection in any part of the GI tract can have the same effect. Infections include parasitic infestations from something like hookworms, roundworms, or whipworms, as well as viral or bacterial infections.
Additionally, other diseases like tumors in the GI tract, ulcers, inflammatory diseases, food allergies, old food that has gone bad, and the ingestion of a foreign body can all cause problems in the GI system that will result in pain and a lack of appetite.
That’s why it’s important to monitor your dog’s diet carefully. Check the expiration dates on the food he eats, just like you would your own food, don’t give him human food, particularly foods like chocolate that can be toxic, and make sure you clean his food bowl so that won’t be the source of an infectious agent.
The liver is an abdominal organ that filters toxins from the body, and when it isn’t working properly, those very same toxins can build up and cause nausea, lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea, and a lack of appetite.
Liver diseases include things like hepatitis, liver cancer, and cirrhosis of the liver. It’s also possible for the liver to have a reaction to certain drug therapies as well as problems because of congenital anomalies. If you suspect your dog has a problem with his liver, you’ll definitely need to see your vet to get a diagnosis and treatment.
The pancreas is a very important organ that is located near the stomach. It has several vital jobs, including producing insulin to lower blood sugar and digestive enzymes to help break down food in the small intestine.
Problems with the pancreas can be caused by a number of things, but one of the most common is when your dog eats something he’s not used to, particularly if it’s high in fat. That can cause inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), which causes a lack of appetite as well as vomiting and diarrhea in more severe cases.
Pancreatic cancer can also cause the same symptoms and, of course, can be life-threatening. If your dog is exhibiting vomiting and diarrhea, as well as anorexia, it’s important to take him to the vet as soon as possible.
The kidneys are vital organs for your dog’s health. Kidney failure, either acute or chronic, can cause a lack of appetite. Usually, you will also see your dog urinating more and drinking more water too. Their breath may also be foul-smelling, and you might see ulcers in their mouth.
This is one reason it’s important to have yearly checkups for your furry friend so that your vet can catch problems like these early while they are still treatable.
Other diseases that can cause anorexia include airway and lung diseases which may make it difficult for your pooch to smell his food. That could cause them to stop eating.
Additionally, certain blood diseases can cause your dog to become lethargic and disinterested in his regular food. He can also have problems eating and breathing at the same time.
Neurological diseases are yet another reason for anorexia. These can cause a lack of coordination, problems walking, pain, and a lack of appetite. There are many neurological problems that cause these symptoms, so a checkup is in order if your dog has any of those symptoms.
Finally, pain, in general, can make your dog less interested in his food. Any kind of problem that causes pain, even something as relatively simple as a fracture, can put him off his feed.
What Should You Do?
It’s easy to see there are several reasons why your dog might not be eating normally. The first thing to do is get him a check-up, and you can get him treated for any problems. Additionally, your vet can recommend the best way to get your dog to start eating again.
Your vet might recommend strategies like the following:
- Give your buddy his favorite dog food. If it is canned food, you can make it even more tempting by heating it up to release the food’s aroma. If it’s dry food, you can add some water or chicken broth to make it more appealing to your furry friend.
- If your dog is still eating treats, you can crumble his treats into his normal dog food to get him to start eating.
- If your dog has a health problem like pancreatitis, you’ll want to feed him bland food like boiled chicken or hamburger with white rice. Don’t mix any treats or other enticements in until your vet indicates it is safe to do so.
- You can try to feed a different type of food to see if your dog has simply changed his tastes.
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